Who wrote Shakespeare's poems? Part 2
Loney didn't hide the amateurish nature of their research, and even was proud of him: "Probably, the problem is still not resolved, precisely because he wrote in the Preface to "Shakespeare Identified", that is still practiced by scientists". Later Oxfordian decided to call on the help of lawyers in 1987 and 1988 in the presence of the judges of the Supreme court of the United States and London's Middle temple respectively, the followers of the hypothesis Loney came into open dispute with (in London they, in particular, stood up to the most venerable of the living experts on Shakespeare, Professor Stanley wells). Unfortunately for the organizers, the judges both times, awarded the victory to the scientists. But managed to press today oxfordians version of antisexist is the most popular.
Among the most famous followers of Louny was the psychiatrist Sigmund Freud, who in his younger years tended towards, and in 1923, after meeting with "Shakespeare Identified", became. So, in the 1930-ies, Freud began to develop Parallels between the fate of king Lear and a biography of the Earl of Oxford: both had three daughters, and if the English count on his not cared, the legendary British king, by contrast, gave his daughters everything they had. Fled from the Nazis to London in 1938, Freud wrote Loney warm letter and called its author "a remarkable book", and shortly before his death, on the grounds that the Oxford childhood lost, beloved father and allegedly hated the mother for her next marriage, attributed to Hamlet and the Oedipus complex.
Belgian politician - a socialist, a teacher of French literature and writer-symbolist Celestin Demblon (1859-1924) became interested in the Shakespeare question, learning about the document found in one of the family archives in 1908. From this it followed that in 1613 Butler Francis Manners, 6th Earl of Rutland, had paid a large sum to "Mr. Shakespeare" and his fellow actor Richard Burbage, who created and drew the count on the witty shield emblem to manners worthy appeared at the joust.
This discovery alarmed Dambana: he noticed that the elder brother of Francis, Roger manners, 5th Earl of Rutland died in 1612 almost at the same time when Shakespeare ceased to write for the stage. In addition, Roger manners was in friendly relations with the Earl of Southampton (the aristocrat, to whom Shakespeare dedicated two of his poems, and who is considered as the main addressee of Shakespeare's sonnets), and also with the Earl of Essex, whose downfall in 1601 indirectly affected actors of the globe theatre.
Manners have traveled the country served as the setting for many of Shakespeare's plays (France, Italy, Denmark), and even went to Padua along with two Danes, Rosencrantz and common Danish names at the time. In 1913, Gamble summarized these and other arguments in written in French the book "Lord of Rutland is Shakespeare".
The author of the book "Game about William Shakespeare, or the Great Mystery of the Phoenix" (1997), argued that Shakespeare wrote a group of authors headed by the young wife of the Earl of Rutland Elizabeth daughter of the famous courtier, writer and poet Philip Sidney. Gililov in this case was based on a completely arbitrary a collection that includes a poem of Shakespeare's "the Phoenix and the turtle" (1601, according to Gililova, 1613). He argued that Rutland, Elizabeth and the other wrote plays and sonnets in a purely conspiratorial purpose to perpetuate your close circle, which did some but they led the rituals. The scientific world, except for a few sharp rebuke, the book Gililova ignored.
Historian of French literature, expert on Rabelais, Abel Le frak (1863-1952) first thought about the chances of William Stanley to become a candidate in "real Shakespeare's" after the book by the distinguished English Explorer James Greenstreet called "previously unknown noble, the author of Elizabethan comedies" (1891). Greenstreet managed to find a letter from 1599, signed by George Fenner, a secret agent of the Catholic Church, which said that the Earl of Derby may not be useful to Catholics as "busy writing plays for the common actors".
In 1918, Le frak published the book "Under the mask of William Shakespeare", which recognizes a Derby is much more suitable candidate in than the previous contenders, though, because of the count's name was William and his initials match with Shakespeare. Besides, in private letters he signed the same as the lyrical character of the 135th sonnet Will, not Wm and not Willm, as did the Stratford Shakespeare on the surviving documents. Then, Derby was an experienced traveler, in particular, is closely familiar with the Navarre yard.
Not surprisingly, Le frak believed that "Henry V" there are a few large insertions in the French language, which Derby had good. Besides, it is believed a specialist in Rabelais, the famous image of Falstaff was created under the influence of "Gargantua and Pantagruel", in Shakespeare's time has not yet translated into English.
With all the witty of these arguments have version had little chance to get on par with: the book of Le frak was written in French, and by the time she came out, Thomas Loney (by the way, called himself a descendant of the Earl of Derby), have put forward their arguments in favor of Edward de Vere.
The son of a shoemaker born in the same year with Shakespeare and managed to finish Cambridge only through the generosity of the Archbishop of Canterbury, Christopher Marlowe was almost the only candidate in ignoble origin. However, Calvin Hoffman (1906-1986), American publicist, poet and playwright, released in 1955, the book "The Murder of a man who was 'Shakespeare'" attributed to Marlo's love affair with the noble Thomas Walsingham, a patron of poets and the younger brother of the powerful sir Francis Walsingham, Secretary of state and the head of the secret service under Queen Elizabeth. According to Hoffman, it was Thomas Walsingham, knowing that Marlo was threatened with arrest on charges of atheism and blasphemy, decided to save her lover, his murder.