Shakespeare's poetry Part 3
The poetic works of Shakespeare, taken as a whole, no claims to be a depiction of reality. Their goal is not the image and expression of thoughts and feelings about different phenomena of reality. If the descriptions of it and invade the poetic works of Shakespeare, here they are only a part of the poetic ornaments.
Stories poems a poor effect. Shakespeare, who in AMD a lot of events here does not know. In all the poems is not for action but for its braking. Reason enough for the deployment of the story has stopped. Shakespeare it selects those elements that give rise to poetic landscapes and lyrical outpourings. Epic beginning in the poems is minimal, lyrical dominate. Sonnets generally devoid of narrative motifs, sometimes even impossible to guess which event filed immediate occasion for lyrical effusions.
The poetic works of Shakespeare belong to a book of poetry of his time. Its roots goes back to the poetry of Ancient Rome and the middle ages. The lyrics of Shakespeare primarily meditative. Content is not only describing feelings, as reflections about the nature of many phenomena of life. Occasionally it strikes a feeling. As a rule, however, the expression of emotions is always clothed in complex form, associated with an endless chain of various associations. No wonder the latest study of the poetic works of Shakespeare reveal the motives passing through the poetry of almost two millennia. This does not mean that Shakespeare knew in detail the whole Treasury of Western poetry. He just took various poetic concepts down and analyzing them, the critique establishes that the poetry of Shakespeare that repeats, modifies the traditional poetic images and related view.
Her stories are centuries old. Shakespeare deliberately chose those who were already in the circle the attention of other poets, because the art here was not whether say, and in the novelty of the approach to the theme and originality of expressive means.
In this respect, the poetry of Shakespeare is close to plastic arts and music. Poem and even a small sonnet-like picture. The naive viewer into the picture interested in the story, and he indifferently passes the greatest masterpieces of painting, if you don't find anything interesting from this point of view. The audience will be prepared for long and carefully considered still life and landscape, enjoying the artist's skill and expressiveness of the funds used to recreate the nature. Not only in landscape but also in still life, he will reveal the mood, who owned the artist, because the art and the mute things become eloquent.
The characters in the poems are like statues. Shakespeare all the time places them in front of us expressive sculptural groups: running Adonis and Venus catching him, their embrace of a different position of the bodies, then he is lying, and she's leaning over him, she makes him lean over her, the mournful figure of the goddess over the corpse of a beautiful youth, the sleeping Lucretia, and looking at her with greedy eyes Tarquinius, Lucretia, raising his hands in grief or accepting the dagger. In other sonnets the poet also often such a beautiful and majestic statue, and only about a sweetheart we say that it is rather similar to the shape depicted on the canvas, because without the paint the way it lives.
Compositional and poetic works of Shakespeare obey the laws of architecture. In them we find the exact proportions, which is so lacking English folk drama. However, in this respect the poetic structure of Shakespeare resemble not so much the classical severity of ancient forms as the sophistication of Baroque, but it rather refers to the great poems, whereas the sonnets - a miracle of strict architectonics.
As in music, Shakespeare varies in the poem of the same motive. You just have to see how it in every way alters the speech of Venus pleading with Adonis about love, come mournful lamentations Lucretia, - and we understand that the skill of the poet that from one melody to extract an infinite variety of variations.
The verse of Shakespeare and melodic in the truest sense of the word. No wonder he has earned from his contemporaries the nickname "sweet". Shakespeare's verse is melodious, but his melody is not the melody of simple songs, there are a lot of subtle cadences that require slow and carefully worked the point of the verse; the pause and accent have a great meaning, but they are important in the music score of the verse.
The sound of Shakespeare's poetry returns us to the comparison with painting. The sound of the words like paint on canvas. It is enough to compare the 66th sonnet with any of the initial poems of this cycle. To hear sounds is determined by the lyrical flavor: in one case, the anger, the passion, in the other - a relaxed poise. Of course, other components of verse, in particular rhythm, playing its part. The rhythmic mastery of Shakespeare is evident in how he managed to give a variety of sound hard and constant sonnet.
Harmony is what unites the artistic techniques of Shakespeare's poetry. The poetics of the time demanded that artistic creativity by means of art expressed a harmonic of the beginning of life. And the impression of harmony comes from all the poetic work of Shakespeare. Only very rarely they sound disharmonious notes.