BRUTUS hero of W. Shakespeare's tragedy "Julius Caesar" (1599). The historical prototype of a Roman Republican Senator Marcus Junius Brutus (85-42 BC). Shakespeare displays in his "Roman tragedies" several types of politicians: Mark Antony, a treacherous demagogue, able to deceive after Caesar's death, his killers, conspirators and deceive sweetly lying speeches to the Roman mob, represented in the tragedy as a faceless mob, which easily change its "preferences", preferring someone who promises material benefits (which makes artfully Anthony); Republican Patricia Cassia, the initiator of the plot against Caesar, hates it because of vanity and injured pride, convinced that Caesar is no more worthy than any of his closest associates, to rule Rome. Fearing that he may be for the citizens of Rome isn't quite the figure, Cassius puts in the forefront B., whose distant ancestor Lucius Junius Brutus famously dethroned king Tarquin the Proud, after which Rome established a Republican system. B. easily amenable to the words of Cassius but only because I am sincerely convinced of the evils of the further deepening of the unlimited power of Caesar.
Politician - an idealist; a man of firm convictions and high moral principles, he believes that such possess and others. However, he and the sage and the philosopher, and partly the poet (no wonder the critics tend to compare him with Hamlet). And participation in the murder of Caesar, which he, unlike Cassius, was a close friend whose loyalty to Caesar has never had reason to doubt, it is because I am convinced: it will be better for the country, for Rome. Accomplishing the murder, he turns to the people gathered at the walls of the Capitol, a speech.
It is noteworthy that Shakespeare wrote this speech in prose: B. there is no need to resort to eloquent rhetoric although he is a great speaker and is fluent in word, his speech is simple, unsophisticated and extremely open. He has nothing to hide, no hidden thoughts and ulterior motives he has not. And the people as if with compassion and understanding, listens to it, even though responds differently: "in triumph bring him home"; or: "Let him be Caesar"; or, "will crown the best of Caesar". Understand the citizens of Rome Brutus's words about freedom, rights, and other things that he "better Caesar" and, therefore, let him become a "second Caesar". But the idealist Brutus commits another unforgivable mistake for a politician: he admits supporter of Caesar Antony give a speech to the people behind them.
And cunning, crafty, duplicitous Anthony, incessantly repeating: "And Brutus is an honorable man after all", skillfully entices citizens to their side, praising the virtues of Caesar and describing the colors of his murder (the witness which he was not). And when he retrieves written by Caesar's will in which everyone promised seventy-five drachmas, the issue is resolved quickly and clearly; Rome, in whose name the conspirators killed Caesar, turning away from them, declaring them to be enemies and traitors.
Next time we meet B. in his camp tent, talking with Cassius, he blames him for what today we would call abuse of power. He conjures him not to "sell the greatness of our honor For the worthless crap, stick to hands". B. trying to administer a policy of "clean hands" but he fails. The Republican forces defeated Boris kills himself. One of his supporters, bending over the dead body of B., says: "Brutus is defeated only by himself. And no murder is not glorified". However, a kind of epitaph Brutus says Antony: "A Roman He was the most noble. All the conspirators, except him, Out of envy, only Caesar was murdered, And he is one of honest intentions." If B. and his associates dead Caesar was scarier than the living, the dead B. Anthony is not terrible, and you can safely mourn him, to magnify, to give him all the required "military honors". The final tragedy in this sense is reminiscent of the finale of "Hamlet" with all the dissimilarities of the plot and the circumstances of the death of heroes. Not a random "quote" from the not yet written "Hamlet" in the mouth of Antony: "He was a man!" So Hamlet speaks of his treacherously slain father. But the best epitaph B. the prophetic words of Cassius: "Centuries will pass, And in countries that do not already exist, Actors will represent our feat."
One of the famous singers of the role B. in the English theatre of the XIX century was George. F. Campbell (1812). Legendary, known in the history of the world theatre was the performance of Meiningen company (1874). In the role of B. L. Dessoir. In the play of the Moscow art theatre (1903) he played the role of K. S. Stanislavsky; in the Maly theatre (1924). One of the most celebrated productions of the British theatre of the 1970s was a series of Shakespeare plays staged by T. Nunn at the Royal Shakespeare theatre and called them "Romans". The role of Boris in "Julius Caesar" was played by John wood.